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Compiling mips toolchain with Crosstool-ng under Cygwin

by Dmitry Smagin on 2016-02-04

Tagged as: mips, jz47xx, GCW Zero, OpenDingux, Cygwin, Crosstool-NG.

Steps to build mips toolchain

1. Make Windows NTFS case sensitive

Crosstool-NG needs case sensitive file system. To achieve this set the registry value

HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\kernel\ dword:obcaseinsensitive

to 0 and reboot the machine.

2. Install Cygwin

Cygwin 32-bit is recommended for most compatibility (latest version 2.4.1). Download setup-x86.exe and run install. The default path is C:\Cygwin.

Highlight additional packages (dependencies are added automatically):

  • gcc-core
  • gcc-g++
  • gcc-java
  • libgcc1
  • gperf
  • bison
  • flex
  • wget
  • patch
  • make
  • libtool
  • libncurses-devel
  • libintl-devel
  • texinfo
  • git
  • zip
  • unzip
  • help2man
  • vim (optional)

After installation is complete run C:\Cygwin\Cygwin.bat and enter bash shell. It will emulate normal linux shell as close as possible and everything will be operated from there.

> $ cd /
> $ mkdir /opt /src

/opt is where final toolchain will be placed, /src is for crosstool-NG sources.

3. Install crosstool-NG

The latest version for the moment is 1.22.0, take it from the official site

> $ cd /src
> $ tar -xf crosstool-ng-1.22.0.tar.bz2
> $ cd crosstool-ng
> $ ./bootstrap
> $ ./configure --enable-local

If configure complains about some missing package, run setup-x86.exe again and install it

> $ make

> # you may have an error (no longer valid for crosstool-ng 1.22.0):
> # nconf.c: In function «main»
> # nconf.c:1521:11: Error: lvalue required as left operand of assignment
> #
> # just comment out the string 1521 in kconfig/nconf.c:
> # //ESCDELAY=1;
> # and type `make` again

> $ make install

4. Run crosstool-NG

> $ ./ct-ng menuconfig

Paths and misc options

Target options
Target architecture=mips
Endianness=little endian
Bitness=32 bits (default)
Tune for cpu=mips32r2
Floating point=hardware
Abi=o32 (default)

Toolchain options
Tuple’s vendor string=gcw0
Toolchain type=cross (default)

Operating system
Target OS=linux
Linux kernel=4.3 (default)

Binary utilities
binutils version=2.25.1 (default)

C compiler
gcc version=5.2.0 (default)
[*] C++
[ ] Java
[*] Enable GRAPHITE loop optimizations
[*] Enable LTO

C library
C library=uclibc
uclibc version=
Configuration file=uclibc.config (download from here)
Threading implementations to use=linuxthreads
[*] Add support for WCHAR

Save an alternate configuration file = gcw0.config and .config

5. Run build

> $ ./ct-ng build

Attention! There may be problems with linux-headers (wrong urls) etc.

6. Adding libraries

After compilation is done you’ll get the toolchain in /opt/gcw-toolchain, but this is a minimalistic toolchain without additional libraries like SDL, mikmod etc.

The right way to populate the toolchain with libraries is to compile them from sources, but in fact all headers and libraries could be just copied from ready-to-use linux toolchain.

Copy the following text to, place it to /opt and run.


# Assume we are in /opt and GCW Zero toolchain is compiled to
# /opt/gcw0-toolchain


mkdir -p tmp
tar -xf opendingux-gcw0-toolchain.2014-08-20.tar.bz2 -C tmp

CP="cp -dR"

# Perhaps not needed
$CP $SRC/../lib $DST
$CP $SRC/lib $DST

# Copy headers and libs
$CP $SRC/usr/include $DST/usr
$CP $SRC/usr/lib $DST/usr

# Fix 'unresolved reference to __tls_get_addr()'
rm -f $DST/usr/lib/libstdc++*

# Copy *-config scripts
$CP $SRC/usr/bin/*-config $DST/../../bin

# Create symlinks
LN="ln -sf"

cd gcw0-toolchain/usr/bin
$LN ${NAME}addr2line	${LINK}addr2line
$LN ${NAME}ar		${LINK}ar
$LN ${NAME}as		${LINK}as
$LN ${NAME}c++		${LINK}c++
$LN ${NAME}c++filt	${LINK}c++filt
$LN ${NAME}cc		${LINK}cc
$LN ${NAME}cpp		${LINK}cpp
$LN ${NAME}elfedit	${LINK}elfedit
$LN ${NAME}g++		${LINK}g++
$LN ${NAME}gcc-ar	${LINK}gcc-ar
$LN ${NAME}gcc-nm	${LINK}gcc-nm
$LN ${NAME}gcc-ranlib	${LINK}gcc-ranlib
$LN ${NAME}gcc		${LINK}gcc
$LN ${NAME}gcov-tool	${LINK}gcov-tool
$LN ${NAME}gcov		${LINK}gcov
$LN ${NAME}gprof	${LINK}gprof
$LN ${NAME}ld		${LINK}ld
$LN ${NAME}ld.bfd	${LINK}ld.bfd
$LN ${NAME}nm		${LINK}nm
$LN ${NAME}objcopy	${LINK}objcopy
$LN ${NAME}objdump	${LINK}objdump
$LN ${NAME}ranlib	${LINK}ranlib
$LN ${NAME}readelf	${LINK}readelf
$LN ${NAME}size		${LINK}size
$LN ${NAME}strings	${LINK}strings
$LN ${NAME}strip	${LINK}strip
$LN ${NAME}ldd		${LINK}ldd
$LN ${NAME}populate	${LINK}populate

cd ../..